Calgary Amateur Radio Association

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Jan 12, 2022 VHF Group Presentations

RDF Antennas 

The following 7 presentations were made to the VHF Groups on Jan 12, 2022 for the topic of the monthly Zoom Meeting. 

This presentation can be viewed on YouTube here:

  • 4 Mhz Offset Attenuator
  • TDOA Detector using a 555 timer 
  • TDOA Detector using an alternate monostable oscillator, and theory of operation.
  • TDOA Passive Antenna
  • Directional Loop Antenna
  • Various Fox Hunting Antennas used by the Edmonton Foxhunting League
  • Fox Hunting carrying case to hold Radio and Step Attenuator. 

4Mhz Offset Attenuator

This description is of the 4Mhz offset attenuator.   I picked this up for $15 from

Basically, when using a directional antenna, such as a yagi, you will find that it works fairly well to identify the direction of a source signal using a combination of the audio quality and also the S-Meter on the radio, as long as the signal is far enough away.   

Before we get into that though, I cannot over emphasize enough how frustrating it can be with reflections and multipath interference.  The Elmer's did not prepare me for that little distraction.  Everything that a newbie is told about direction finding means nothing if they hide the fox in the trunk of a car, under a bridge, near a chain link fence, etc.   Be forewarned.  

Anyway, the Yagi works fine when you are far enough away, but as you get closer, the S-Meter will be fully pegged at full strength, and the signal audio is quite good regardless of the direction.   The solution to this is to attenuate the input signal. 

The theory of operation to an Offset Attenuator is that you mix a signal, in my case a 4Mhz signal, and then you listen to one of the Sideband, either upper or lower.  You can control amplitude of the 4Mhz signal, so you can attenuate the signal going into the radio.   That allows you to continue to use the S-Meter on the radio as you get closer and closer to the fox. 

TDOA Active Detector

I will repost this to a more appropriate spot once we are over the presentation coming up, but I thought I would post my pictures and thoughts ahead of time just in case people want more info. 

This description is of the TDOA (Time Difference of Arrival) detector.  I first saw one in use on my first fox hunt and watched Dana VA6DJH find the fox, which was in the truck of a car etc, while my Yagi had me running around in frustrating circles.  

The theory of operation is that a simple oscillator circuit switches between 2 identical antennas at a frequency in the audio range.  You connect an FM receiver and listen to the received signal.   If there is any time time shift in the signals  appears as a phase shift and is detected as an audio tone. 

The circuit and Parts list were found on the net.   There are actually several different versions of this, but the one that I followed is

The only change that I made was to use a pair of Dipoles (using electrical wire or coat hanger wire).  My thought is that this would be better ar isolating the 2M signal from far away.  In practice though, It worked so well that I think a BowTie antenna would have worked just as well. 

The schematic and several pictures of the unit that I built are below.  I couldn't be happier with this, and I think that the parts cost less than $40 (just a guess). 

Passive Step Attenuator

Wilson VA6JWL built a Step Attenuator based on the information in the attached article from ARRL's archives of 1982.  Included are pictures of his handy work.   

I took the liberty of finding another version of the step attenuator that I found that has a much more precise description of the values of resistors that you could use to get very precise 50 Ohms resistance per cell.  See this Italian's version which includes a PCB layout.


Technical Tips


2021 Video Presentations

With COVID-19 as part of our daily lives, we have had to adapt to using Zoom for our meetings and get used to not meeting in person. 
One benefit of this new world is that we can record the presentations and make them available to move people after the fact. 
Here is a list of the video's from our Youtube channel. (What? CARA has a YouTube Channel? You bet! Take a look) 

2020 CARA Technical Conference

The conference, originally scheduled in conjunction with the Flea Market, which due to COVID-19, was reborn as a webinar.

Date: Saturday, 18 April, 2020 

Quickview: YouTube Videos

This is a summary of the notable videos that have been posted to the CARA YouTube channel

2017 Presenter's Documents

Summits on the Air - VE6IXD Ian Drummond

Introduction to Microcontrollers in HAM Radio - VE6TL Jerry Spring

A Maker's Antenna  and video- VE6EY John Fallows

2016 Presenter's Documents

Yaesu Fusion Line of Radios - N0CSW Chris Wilson, Yaesu National Sales Manager

Hardening Your Tower Against Lightning - Part I   - VA6DD Dale Coutts

Updated Tower Regulations in Calgary - VE6SH Tim Ellam Q.C.

2015 Presenter's Documents

Intro to Yaesu Fusion Radios - VE6EO Greg Kulinof RadioWorld Central, Calgary

How to Configure Radios for Use With Repeaters - VA6RPL Peter LaGrandeur

PSK31 Fundamentals - VA6PJB Peter Barry

2014 Linking Conference Documents

page moderator: VA6RPL "Peter"

2013 Repeater Conference Documents

page moderator: VA6RPL "Peter"

APRS - presentation  (Dave Wick "VA6DBA":

Battery World  (Ken Waldrum:

Codan / Daniels Radios  (Douglas Bigrigg:

ICOM Radios  (Paul Veel "VE7PVL":

Sinclair Antennae and Peripherals (Martine Cardozo "HH2TK":

Sinclair 'antenna slide rules' are now available, free of charge, for those who attended the conference.  Attendees may contact VA6RPL "Peter" at for info on how to receive theirs.

Skyfire Energy  (Dave Kelly P. Eng.:

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